midfoot arthritis

Displaying items by tag: midfoot arthritis

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Dr. Timothy Young
 a board certified foot surgeon, discusses treating midfoot arthritis.
Midfoot arthritis is a common problem, especially as we all get older. Very commonly it the second metatarsal–cuneiform joint Is involved. Often additional adjacent joints can be involved. There are a number of treatments for this condition that can range from prescription orthotics, rocker style shoes, calf stretching and nutritional supplements. Additional treatment options include injections of synthetic joint lubricant into these joints.

This can be a difficult access or find the correct entry point, therefore we use ultrasound guidance to verify correct placement of the synthetic join lubricant. There is some communication between these adjacent midfoot articulations or joints and therefore there is additional benefit by injecting the second metatarsal–cuneiform joint to some of the adjacent communicating joints.  We typically use Supartz which is a highly purified form of hyaluronic acid.  I typically use the same protocol for other joints such as the ankle joint which is a series of injections at 1 to 2 week intervals usually 3 to 5 injections. 

If you are experiencing foot or ankle pain, give us a call today at 425-391-8666 or make an appointment online today. 
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As we all get older there will always be some degenerative arthritic changes.  One of the more common type is degenerative joint disease.  This primarily affects the weightbearing joints of the body including the foot.  In addition to normal wear and tear, some individuals have a foot structure that is much more prone to increased and disproportionate stress loads through the midfoot.  The stress loads are one of the biggest factors leading to long-term arthritis of the foot.  For example, an individual that has a large bunion, will often have poor mechanics and weightbearing function of the first metatarsal-this bone is designed to bear up to half the weight of the whole foot especially through propulsion and push off during gait.  When this does not happen, a disproportionate stress load goes through the next in line second metatarsal.  Eventually that stress load can manifest at the base of the second metatarsal where it articulates with the second cuneiform.  

Over time this increased and disproportionate stress load causes premature and excessive wearing through this joint.  Initially there is dorsal compression on the joint causing bone spurs on the top of the joint and increased wear and tear on the articular surfaces with thinning of the articular cartilage.  Eventually this can become bone-on-bone.  In mild and moderate early cases this can be treated mechanically with orthotics and appropriate shoes.  As it becomes more pronounced and more severe than additional treatment options can be considered.  At the moderate stage often times sympathetic joint lubricant can be utilized.  It is critical to use ultrasound imaging to make certain that this synthetic joint lubricant goes directly into the appropriate joint.  Our clinic typically utilizes supartz brand sympathetic joint lubricant.  This same highly viscous solution is used, only in the knee and that is where the initial studies for utilization were done.  If it is primarily a problem with a painful bone spurs on top then these can be surgically removed.  However, usually this is just the tip of the iceberg and in severe cases the second metatarsal–cuneiform joint should be surgically treated with a fusion.  This stabilizes the joint and illuminates the damaged cartilage and excessive motion here.
If you have midfoot pain and would like a consultation our clinic please let us know.

Give us a call today at 425-391-8666 or make an appointment online today. 
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